In the UK, there are five broad categories of single-ply roofing: 1) Poly-isobutylene (PIB) This polymer was invented by chemists working for the BASF chemical company in 1931. Thus, PIB is the oldest single-ply roofing material in the world and is often regarded as a benchmark materi
As human beings, we have been aware of static electricity for hundreds of years. This form electricity is a transfer of electrons (sub-atomic particles which carry electrical charge) as a result of friction. For example, if you rub a balloon on your clothing it will “stick” to a wall.
Part of the process of deciding which system is suitable for your premises involves gaining an understanding the different types of available materials. Put simply, it is impossible to arrive at an informed decision if the relative merits of cost, sustainability, reliability and usefu
Irrespective of the circumstances the complexities of choosing the correct roofing material can be broken down ad expressed as the optimum balance of design, requirements, longevity, sustainability as well as cost. Environmental impact and sustainability Of the five main materials PVC
When roughly equal amounts of sodium bicarbonate or bicarbonate of soda (BOS) and warm vinegar are mixed a characteristic fizzing is seen. As any year 7 (first year of secondary school) science text book explains, the fizz is one of the characteristics which tells us that a chemical r
A standard method of understanding the flow of electrical current is to compare it to a mammalian circulatory system. In a mammal the heart is the pump that drives the circulation of the blood throughout the whole organism, such that the blood reaches every single cell in the animal.
In Scotland, the organisation responsible for maintaining the supply and sanitation of fresh water is Scottish Water (SW). The body in charge of ensuring adherence to environmental regulations is the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA). In turn potable (drinking) water sta
The term pipework refers to any pipes that compose any machine or building. The term drains refers to the system of pipes that are joined together and drain liquids away from the premises. In very general terms looking after the drainage and pipe work in Glasgow and indeed anywhere el
In the UK, almost £20 million per annum is spent on unblocking accumulated blockages of thick grease and material trapped within drainage and pipework. The figure does not include the cost of clean up after undetected blockages have resulted in flood damage to residential or business
Without doubt unblocking drains and associated fittings is at best a minor inconvenience. At worst blocked drainage can result in a serious backup of revolting water and flood damage to the premises. Such occurrences can be avoided in a block of flats in central Glasgow as much as the